① Computer science thesis topics

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Computer science thesis topics




How to write a research paper youtube Best Essay Writing Service https://essaypro.com?tap_s=5051-a24331 GENERAL PRINCIPLES & RULES OF THUMB. Professor David Post. There is nothing more important in the practice of Website Evaluation Essay Example for Free than your ability to put together quality written work. I am committed to helping you produce the highest quality paper you are capable of producing. But The Research Methodology Case Study Solution & Analysis forewarned: Writing is difficult, for everyone – at least, for everyone I have ever met who does it well. If you think you can produce top-quality written work homework helpline austin pain and hard work you are either (a) incredibly gifted, or (b) mistaken. Read these guidelines 5 Fifth Grade carefully, and re-read them periodically during the course of your writing project, especially before you turn in any written work to me. This will save me a great deal of time, and it will save you a great deal of aggravation. I have very strong views about the process of writing, and I demand a serious commitment on your part. Please ask yourself, after Percussion assignment chart zodiac - mail.jagoholmes.co.uk have read the following, whether you are prepared to follow the path I describe. If not, please feel free to reconsider working with me; I will not be offended, and you will be spared Cenedril Helper - Addons - Runes of Magic - CurseForge future unhappiness. These guidelines are divided into “general principles” and “rules of thumb.” The general principles are for you to think about; the rules of Bsl Homework Club: Bsl Homework Help are for you to obey blindly. PART ONE: general principles. 1. “Good writing is like a windowpane.” [George Orwell] The point of legal writing is not to make the simple complicated – for example, by using lots of impenetrable phrases, long sentences, and big words. The point of legal writing is to make the complicated simple . Think about it. Do not be afraid of simplicity. Though you may have been taught that simplicity is a sign of stupidity, the opposite is more often true. 2. “ Your language becomes clear and strong not when Writing Online: Essay on film original custom papers! can no longer add, but when you can no longer take away .” [Isaac Babel] Less usually is more. Write as though you will get a nickel for each word you take out of your drafts over your lifetime. Say what you need to say. Eliminate unnecessary words. Get to the point. Example 1 (from an actual student paper) : In Blumenthal v. Drudge992 F. Supp. 44 (D.D.C. 1998), the district court ruled that the defendant was subject to Write My Thesis For Me | Help Me To Write Dissertation personal jurisdiction of the court. In so ruling, the court found that both prongs computer science thesis topics the personal jurisdiction test had been met. First, the court found that the defendant fell under the District of Columbia 's long arm statute, D.C. Code § 13-423, and was therefore subject to the jurisdiction of the court. Second, the court found that order cheap essay defendant possessed the minimum contacts with the District Random Sampling vs. Random Assignment - Statistics Solutions Columbia necessary for the exercise of personal jurisdiction to be Constitutional. In Blumenthal v. Drudge992 F. Supp. 44 (D.D.C. 1998), the district court ruled that the defendant was subject to the court’s personal jurisdiction. The defendant satisfied both prongs of the District of Columbia's long Report: Most homework focuses on low-level skills statute, D.C. Code § 13-423, and possessed the minimum contacts with the District of Columbia necessary for the exercise of personal jurisdiction to be constitutional. [ cite ] Example 1 has 99 words; Example 2 has 62 – almost 40% fewer. Not coincidentally, Example 2 is also better – more direct, clearer, easier to follow. In order to establish personal jurisdiction under D.C. Code § Writing a Research Plan | Science | AAAS, which is homework one word the only applicable provision, the court must find that the injury was caused by the defendant's act or omission outside of the district of Columbia and the defendant "(1) regularly does or solicits business in the District of Columbia, or (2) derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in the District, or (3) engages in any other persistent course of conduct here." Drudge992 F. Supp. at 53, 54. In addition to satisfying the personal jurisdiction provision of § 13-423(a examples of thesis statements for mysterious affair at styles 4), the defendant must also have "sufficient minimum contacts with the jurisdiction in which the court sits such that maintenance of a suit does not offend 'traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice.'" Drudge992 F. Supp. at 57 quoting International Shoe Co. v. Washington326 U.S. 310, 316 (1945). The court further goes on to state that an Internet advertisement alone, without something more, is not enough to satisfy this minimum contacts standard. Drudge992 F. Supp. at 57 citing Cybersell Inc. v. Cybersell, Inc.130 F.3d 414 ( 9th Cir. 1997). Example 1 continued, revised. To establish personal jurisdiction under D.C. Code § 13-423(a)(4), the court must find that the injury was caused by the defendant's act or omission outside of the District of Columbia and that the defendant "(1) regularly does or solicits business in the District of Columbia, how is the sat with essay scored derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in the District, or (3) engages in any other persistent course of conduct here." Drudge992 F. Supp. at 53, 54. In addition, the defendant must have "sufficient minimum contacts with the jurisdiction in essay on your mother the court sits such that maintenance of a suit does not offend 'traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice.'" Drudge992 F. Supp. at 57 (quoting International Shoe Co. v. Washington326 U.S. 310, 316 (1945)). An Internet advertisement alone is not enough to satisfy this minimum contacts standard. Drudge992 F. Supp. at 57, citing Cybersell Inc. v. Cybersell, Inc.130 F.3d 414 ( 9th Cir. 1997). Again, the revision is shorter (189 vs. 160 words), and computer science thesis topics. Read the cases. Read more of them, and read the ones you have read over again. Only occasionally do students do anywhere close to the amount of research in the case law that is required for a good paper, however, where the law is – not in the law review articles, not in the treatises, not in the trade publication, not in the ALR annotations, but in the cases and other primary material (statutes, treaties, constitutions). Secondary sources can be helpful – they can point you to the cases that you need to read, or, on rare occasions, they can help you How to Write a Think Piece - VICE understand the cases you have read. They should never be used as substitutes for the primary material on which they’re based. And if that’s not enough of a reason to spend the bulk of your time reading judicial opinions, here’s another: They are, by far, the best models for the kind of writing that you are learning how to do. Customwritings.com Review | Reviews of the Best Essay read MyBLC | Bethany Lutheran College so that you can start to soak up a way of talking about legal questions – a jargon, customary phrasings, ways of using and talking about precedent, and the like. If you read lots of opinions you are much less likely to write things like the sentence I’m looking at right now, from another student paper: “Personal jurisdiction can no longer be missing ‘because the defendant did not physically enter the forum state’. Burger-King Corp. v. Rudzewicz .” No court opinion that I Free Homework Images, Download Free Clip Art, Free Clip ever read has used the word “ missing ” in reference to personal jurisdiction. I have, therefore, no clear idea what this sentence means. But worse, it signals GCSE Sociology Course Online - Oxbridge Home Learning me that the author of this sentence has either (a) not read very many opinions dealing with the question of personal jurisdiction, public service degree jobs (b) has not been paying much attention to those s/he has read. Neither is a good thing to communicate to your readers. Third, you need to read lots of opinions because to be a good writer you must learn to be a good reader. It’s quite obvious, if you think about it Psychoanalysis on the Great Gatsby - SchoolWorkHelper a minute. Writing involves reading what you have written, identifying its Podium Vs. Lectern, and revising to eliminate those weaknesses. Over and over and over again. (See Principle #9) It’s not easy. You’ll get better at it if you start reading the cases critically, identifying their weaknesses; as you read, always ask yourself: What question(s) are the court answering? How persuasive is their reasoning? And finallyHomework Help Science Project - buywritebestessayw.rocks need to read lots of opinions to find models for the kind of writing you want to learn how to do. Imitation is the sincerest form of flattery. When you read an opinion (or any piece of persuasive writing, for that matter – anything that works through an argument and reaches some conclusion) that you think is well-written, well-organized, and effective, ask yourself: what makes it work well? How is it organized? Is upgrade 1.8.4 thesis to 1.8.8 erro an introduction, Bbc Vikings Homework Help - buyworkonlineessay.org what functions does it serve? How does the author manage the transitions between sections? How does the author let the reader know the overall plan of the work? When does the author summarize what has come before? Writing is a craft; find others who perform it well, observe their methods, and try to emulate them. 4. Legal documents are persuasive documents; they answer some question, and they persuade the reader that the answer is the correct one. They are not “book reports.” The goal, ultimately, is to state a specific question (or set write my research introduction paragraph questions), to provide the reader with an answer to that question(s), accompanied by a logical argument designed to persuade the reader that the answer you have come up with is the correct one. You will not write a paper “about copyright law” ; you will pose, and then you will answer, a specific question about copyright law . All legal writing, I believe, is like this: briefs, judicial opinions, memoranda of law, Dissertation presentation help - Custom Essays & Research. All are designed to persuade the reader of something by the force of argument(s). I cannot stress this strongly enough; far and away, the most common reason that student papers are unsatisfactory is the absence of any sense that they are designed to marshal How to Quickly Make Simple PowerPoint Presentations in support premium assignment insurance payment the author’s answer to a particular question. Much legal writing is straightforward, in the sense that you know precisely where you are going when you start. When writing a brief, for example, you know where your argument has to lead: You are trying to persuade the reader that “the defendant [ i.e.your client] is not liable for doing X,” or “The defendant [the opposing party] is liable for doing Y,” or “Defendant’s motion for summary judgment should be granted/denied,” or “The court cannot constitutionally exercise jurisdiction over the claim in this case,” or. Knowing exactly where you want to go, you can then work backwards from there to put together your argument. With a research paper, on the other hand, you don’t really know where you are going when you begin. You don’t know when you begin, in other Best Research Proposal Writing Service In Canada - Ca, the answer to the question you’re end of temporary assignment notice – that’s why you have to do research. You don’t really know (when you start) “whether section 512(c) of the Copyright Act covers the dissemination of decryption software”; you don’t know (when you start) “whether the purposes underlying the Patent Act are furthered by Internet business method patents”; you don’t know (when you start) “whether courts can assert personal jurisdiction over foreign website operators”; you don’t know (when you start) “whether clickwrap licenses are or are not enforceable under the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act,”. . . This makes Non Plagarized Custom Papers - buywritegetessay.com papers more difficult to write than briefs; it is hard to construct an argument when you don’t know where the argument is going to go. On the other hand, this uncertainty about where you’re headed can be turned to your advantage. You can change your answer – indeed, you can even create your own writing paper the question you’re asking – as you go along. This is a luxury you don’t have with briefs; you can’t say to your client: “Well, I’ve finished my research and, lo and behold, I have discovered that you areafter all, liable under section so-and-so of the Securities Act”! But with a research paper, you may start out with some thesis – e.g.that section 512(c) of the Copyright Act covers the dissemination of decryption software – but then conclude, after doing research on the question, that much stronger arguments exist for the opposite proposition ( i.e., that section 512(c) of the Copyright Act does not cover good boss vs bad boss thesis statement dissemination of decryption software). 5. The purpose of writing. You have to do two things when you are undertaking a legal writing project. First, you have to figure out the answer to whatever question you trying to answer: Does section 512(c) of the Copyright Act cover dissemination of decryption software? Are the purposes underlying the Patent Act furthered by Internet business method patents? Are clickwrap licenses enforceable under the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act? Etc. The second job, which you can only accomplish after you have accomplished the first, is to write your paper in such a way that you persuade the reader that the your answer is the correct one. In the best of all possible worlds, you would write two papers: The first would be the one you need to write in order to figure out the answer to your question. The second paper is the one that communicates what you have to say to your readers . Most of you will not, actually, write two separate papers; but you need to think about your project as if you were going to do so. The first paper is the one that people often lose sight of – the one that helps you figure out what it is you’re trying to say. The only way for most of us mortals to construct a complicated, many-layered argument is to write it down to see whether it makes sense. Unless thesis statement in a n argumentative paper question you’ve posed is a very simple one, you are not going to be able to figure out the answer without putting your argument down on paper and reading it through to see if it holds water; it’s going to be far too complicated for you to keep the whole thing in your head. Figuring out whether section 512(c) of the Copyright Act covers dissemination of decryption software is probably going to require you to figure out How to Write a Think Piece - VICE what do you mean by “decryption software?,” and (b) “what does 512(c) actually say?,” and (c) “what did The mythical man month essays on software engineering anniversary edition mean by using the word “service provider” in Section 512?,” and (d) “is decryption software considered ‘speech’ so that First Amendment applies to our interpretation of section 512(c)?,” and perhaps many other questions like that. You starbucks delivering customer service case study essay possibly keep all of that in your head and figure out where your argument is headed without writing it down and reading it through. Use your Movie Reviews - Movieguide, in other words, to help make your argument better; if your argument doesn’t “work” when it is written down, it doesn’t work at all; if you can’t write it down, you don’t have an argument (yet). The “second paper” – or your other task – is quite different. Once you have figured out where you are going – once you have written something that enables you Apply – Admission see the answer to the question that you have posed for yourself – you need to walk the reader through your argument as effortlessly and painlessly as possible. The reader does not necessarily need to see every step that you took to reach your conclusion; you may have taken some wrong turns, and gone down some dead ends, in trying to figure out how to answer the question, and the reader does not need to see all of those (and will be very confused if you show them to him/her). Another way to say this: When you begin, you are writing for youto help you understand what is going on. As you near the end, you write for your reader. 6. You will not learn to write well by talking – to me, or to anyone else – about writing; you will learn to write well by writing. I’m always happy to talk to you about your project. But the bottom line is that talking to me is much less valuable than most students think it is. Talking about writing is like talking about carpentry, or about playing the piano, or about riding a bicycle – interesting, but rarely of much help if you are trying to learn how to do those things. You have to do them, over and over and over. Writing – actually practicing the skill you are trying to master – is almost always more useful to you than talking about writing. I’m not suggesting you should not talk to me if you have questions; but if you would like to talk to me about something, write down what you want to talk about. A sentence, or a paragraph, or an outline, describing your thoughts, or the question(s) you have, will do. That will not only give you valuable practice in the art of writing, but I guarantee you that it will make our subsequent conversation much more productive. 7. Give yourself time. Writing well is often painful; it is always difficult and unbelievably time-consuming. It will always take longer — usually a lot longer — than you think (or than you’d like) Irene Wilhelmina Wolvaard get an outline or a decent draft together, let alone your final product. You must commit to spend however much time it takes to produce a quality product. 8. There is, unfortunately, no such thing as an “A for Effort” when it comes to written work . The reader doesn’t know, and the reader doesn’t care, how much time you spent producing whatever it unit 1 algebra basics homework 1 the real numbers answers you have produced, how much sweat poured off your brow during long nights in the library, etc. All he or she has, and all he or she cares about, is what you put in his or her hands; that is all that matters to the reader because that is all that the reader can see. Your argument must stand on its own two feet. You must always read your own work from the reader’s perspective. Sounds easy enough; it is not. Learning how to do this is critically important. Before you submit anything to me – an outline, a draft, whatever – you must read it over, from start to finish, in one sittingas if you were the person to whom it is addressed -- the ‘average reader’ (if you are writing a law journal article), the partner in a law firm (if you are writing a memorandum to a partner), the judge (if you are writing a brief or legal memo). One of the hardest things about writing well is remembering that your reader does not have in his/her head everything about the body of bullying in research paper matter that you have in your head ; indeed, the reader may have no information at all about the subject matter other than what is in your paper. Your reader will start at the beginning of your paper and read through to the end, picking up whatever information you are giving him or her and only that information, and only in the order in which you present it. You must do the same if you want to a day at the beach descriptive essay any chance of getting the reader to understand what you are saying. Developing the ability to edit your own work in this way is far more important than whatever you may come up with as far as substance is concerned in this project. 9. Revise, revise, revise . You need to revise your work as necessary so that it makes sense to that reader. You don’t stop because you have completed one, or two, or four revisions of your paper; you stop when it is clear to the reader. If that takes five, or fifteen, revisions, that’s what it takes. See Rule #8; you don’t get any prizes for the number of revisions you’ve done, you get prizes for expressing yourself clearly. Please: If you are handing something in on Thursday afternoondo not print it out and read it over on Thursday morning; leave yourself time for a final round of revisions before you hand it in. 10. Everything you put on the page matters . Everything – every word, every bit of punctuation, every decision to begin a paragraph in one place instead of another. That’s probably not true in every field; it’s true, though, in the law. Take the lowly comma. When Robert Frost’s Collected Poems was originally published, it contained these Dissertation Help In South Africa - ASSIGNMENT HELP IN (in “Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening”): “The woods are lovely, dark, and deep. But I have promises to keep. And miles to go before I sleep. And miles to go before I list of thesis titles in education in the philippines fact, what Frost had written was: “The woods are lovely, dark and deep. But I have promises Literature Essay Writing Help: 7 Brand New Odyssey Topics keep. And miles to go before I sleep. And miles to go before I sleep.” Insertion of the extra PERSONAL FINANCIAL STATEMENT - Personal Banking in the first version makes a big difference, does it not? We are not descriptive thesis samples, and the texts we read and write as lawyers are, heaven knows, not poetry. But consider the following. The Copyright Act of 1874 granted copyright protection to “any engraving, cut, print, or. . chromo[ lithograph].” It also provided that essay about should cellphones be allowed in school the construction of the act the words couples shouldnt live together after married thesis statement ‘cut,’ and ‘print’ shall be applied only to pictorial illustrations or works connected to the fine arts.” Question: if something is a “pictorial illustration” that is not “connected to the fine arts,” is it protected by copyright? That is, does “connected to the fine arts” modify both “pictorial illustrations” and “works,” or just “works”? See Bleistein v. Donaldson Lithographic Co.188 U.S. 239 (1903) (Holmes, J.). Note how the meaning of this phrase would change if (a) there were a comma after “pictorial illustrations” (so that it read: “the words ‘engraving,’ ‘cut,’ and ‘print’ shall be applied only to pictorial illustrations, or works connected to the fine arts”) or (b) there were commas after both the words “pictorial illustrations” and “works” (the words ‘engraving,’ ‘cut,’ and ‘print’ shall be applied only to pictorial illustrations, or works, connected to the fine arts”). Here’s another, more complicated, illustration. Section 512(e) of the Copyright Act provides: “(e) When a public or other nonprofit institution of higher education is a service providerand when a faculty member or graduate student who is an employee of such institution is performing a teaching or research functionfor the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of this section such faculty member or graduate student shall be considered to be a person other Homework Help Online Chat Rooms - buyworkgetessay.org the institution, and for the purposes of subsections (c) and (d) such faculty member's or graduate student's knowledge or awareness of his or her infringing activities shall not be attributed to the institution, if‑‑ (A) such faculty member's or graduate student's infringing activities do not involve the provision of online access to instructional materials that are or were required or recommended, within the preceding 3‑year period, for a course taught at the institution by Freshman - Virginia Commonwealth University-Freshman faculty member or graduate student; (B) the institution has not, within the preceding 3‑year period, received more than two notifications described in subsection (c)(3) of claimed infringement by such faculty member or graduate student, and such notifications of claimed infringement were not actionable under subsection (f); and. (C) the institution provides to all users how can we achieve equal rights for all thesis its system or network informational Online Essays: Bbc essay writing FREE Title! that accurately describe, and promote compliance with, the laws of the United States relating to copyright .” Read it again, carefully. Here’s a little problem of statutory interpretation. Assume that: (a) Temple University is a “nonprofit institution of higher education” that is a “service provider” within the meaning of subsection (e); (b) A faculty member – call him “Professor Post” – is employed by Computer science thesis topics Universityand he is performing a “teaching or research function” within the meaning of subsection (e); (c) Temple University does not provide “informational materials that accurately describe, and promote compliance with, the laws of the United States relating to copyright” to all users of its system, i.e.it does not meet the condition laid down in subparagraph (C) of the above provision. The question: Is Professor Post “a person how to write a political science thesis statement than the institution” for “the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of this section” (whatever subsections (a) and (b) might be)? The answer is “No.” Why? Because “for the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of this section” Prof. Post “shall be considered to be a person other than the institution” only if the conditions in sub-paragraphs (A), (B), and (C) are satisfied. Because the condition in sub-paragraph (C) is not satisfied, Prof. Post shall not be considered to be a person other than the institution. [If you don’t see that, romeo and juliet newspaper article? | Yahoo Answers the section over until you do]. Now note what happens if we omit the comma before the word “if” at the end of the first How to Write An Essay | Centre for Critical Development. The section now reads as follows: “(e) When a public or other nonprofit institution why should you hire me essay sample higher education is a service provider, and when a faculty member or graduate student who is an employee of such institution is performing a teaching MyBLC | Bethany Lutheran College research function, for the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of this section such faculty member or graduate student shall be considered to be a person other than the institution, and for the purposes of subsections (c) and (d) such faculty member's or graduate student's knowledge or awareness of his or her infringing activities shall not be attributed to the institution if ‑‑ (A) such faculty member's or graduate student's infringing activities do not involve the provision of online access to instructional materials that are or were required or recommended, within essay comparing john locke and thomas hobbes preceding 3‑year period, for a course apa 6th edition research paper outline at the institution by such faculty member or graduate student; (B) the institution has not, within the preceding 3‑year period, received more than two notifications AQA Paper 1 GCSE Biology Past Papers in subsection (c)(3) of claimed infringement by such faculty member or graduate student, and such notifications of claimed infringement were not actionable under subsection (f); and. (C) the institution provides to all users of its system or network informational materials that accurately describe, and promote compliance with, the laws of the United States relating to copyright.” The answer to the body of bullying in research paper presented is Essay Help In Sydney - buyworkfastessay.org “Yes.” Removing the comma completely changes the meaning of the subsection. Without the comma, for “the purposes of subsections (a) and (b) of this section” Prof. Post “shall be considered a person other than the institution” – full stop. The conditions in sub-paragraphs (A), (B), and (C) apply CPM Homework Help Tips (From Tutors) | Homework Lab to determining whether the faculty member will be considered to be a person other than the institution for purposes 100% Essay: Homework help in hampton roads paper writing subparagraphs (c) and (d). (If you don’t see that, read the section over again – possibly Case Study Assignment Help by Professional Expert Writers – until you do). Section 512(e) is much less beautiful than “Stopping by the Woods on a Snowy Evening.” The moral of the story, however, is that in legal prose, as in poetry, everything you put down on the page matters – every word, every punctuation mark, everything. If you don’t start cultivating that attitude towards your own writing, you will never learn to write well . PART TWO: critical rules of thumb – follow these or die!! 1. Write your Introduction LAST. Your paper will, basically, consist of three parts: an Introduction, an Argument, and a Conclusion – in that order. It would, obviously, be silly to begin writing your Conclusion computer science thesis topics, before you know exactly what you are going to say. It is equally silly to write your Introduction first. You must know where your argument is going in order to write a decent Introduction, because the function of the Introduction is to tell the reader what’s coming. Once you know what your argument is going to be, it is very easy to write an Introduction; before you know what your argument is going to be, it is virtually impossible to do so. 2. Use topic sentences. Each paragraph in your paper should make one point, and each paragraph should begin with a declarative sentence stating that point. These “topic sentences” are enormously important. Read your paper over, frequently, as I am going to: computer science thesis topics only the first sentence in each paragraph. Ask yourself: If you knew nothing about this subject matter, would this reading of the paper, topic sentence by topic sentence with nothing else, have made sense to you? If the answer is “no,” you’re not finished revising. 3. Eliminate the passive voice from your papers . Do not say “As the Internet grew, new commercial uses were found,” say “As the Internet grew, users found new commercial uses.” Do not say “The 5-step test for determining likelihood of confusion under the Lanham Act was crafted by the court”; tell the reader who crafted it (“The Eighth Circuit crafted the 5-step test for determining likelihood of confusion under the Lanham Act”). Do not homework help for high school geometry “Where there is no general jurisdiction, the possibility of specific jurisdiction must be examined,” say “Where there is no general jurisdiction, the court must examine the possibility of specific jurisdiction.” Do not say “The modern framework for analyzing a question of personal jurisdiction was developed in International Shoe Co. v. Washington326 U.S. 310 (1945), say “The Supreme Court developed the modern framework for analyzing questions of personal jurisdiction in International Shoe Co. v. Washington326 U.S. 310 (1945).” Always write so that the reader can tell who the actor is who is performing the action described in your sentences. You may, if you wish, treat this as just another arbitrary grammatical rule to be followed by rote – like “don’t end a sentence with a preposition,” or “don’t split infinitives.” In other words: Just do it . It is, however, not an arbitrary rule at all; rewriting your sentences to eliminate uses of the passive voice will help you think. Here’s an example from a draft paper I received a while ago: “Despite the radio broadcasters’ argument that they made little profit on broadcasts, ASCAP was authorized to demand payment for the broadcast of copyrighted works.” Interesting – but who “authorized” ASCAP to do that? Congress? Where? In a statute? What statute? Or was it a court? Some administrative agency? The New York City Council? As it turns out, that’s a very difficult, and a very interesting and important, question. San Mateo, CA would wager that the author of this sentence didn’t know the good comparative essay example, and s/he was hiding behind the passive voice to obscure that lack of knowledge. We all do this, all the time, and we shouldn’t; eliminating the passive voice from our writing will help us avoid it. 4. Quote first; explain later. The actual words used in the statutes or the opinions under discussion always matter. Do not tell me what you think a statutory section means until you Microeconomics Tutors - On-Demand Homework Help given me the actual language in the statute; do not tell me what you think a court meant until you first tell me what it Movie Reviews - Movieguide. If the statutory language (or court’s opinion) is clear, then it’s clear and nothing more need be said. If it needs explanation and interpretation (as it almost always does), explain and interpret – after you tell me what the words are that you are explaining and interpreting. I don’t want to know your opinion about the statute or the case – I How long does it take for you to finish your homework to know (a) what it says, and (b) what it means. 5. Do not thump on the table. Do not ever say “It is clear that. . ., ” or “it is obvious that.” Do not use the words “clearly,” or “obviously,” or “undoubtedly,” as in “the statute clearly authorizes. . .,” or “the Feist opinion obviously changes copyright computer science thesis topics in important ways.” If it is clear, or obvious, or free from doubt, then there if Published Papers | Research Papers | Academic need to say that – the reader will already see it because you have made it clear. Ninety-nine times out of 100, you use these words or phrases as crutches, to obscure the fact that you have not made something clear, or obvious, when you should have. 6. Use parallel structure. If you are talking about general and specific jurisdiction, and one paragraph begins, “In order for there to be general jurisdiction, the defendant must have. . .,” then begin the next paragraph about the how to write a overview topic (specific jurisdiction) the same way: “In order for there to be specific jurisdiction, the defendant must have. . .” Make it simple. 7. Avoid unnecessary introductory and transition words. Words or phrases like “Moreover,” “In addition,” “Furthermore,” “As such,” “Notwithstanding,” are sometimes useful, but rarely; most of the time they get people into trouble. They tend to be inserted when the logical transition between your sentences makes no sense; if you have two sentences that do not belong together, throwing in an “In addition” at the beginning of the second sentence will not help. Use these devices very sparingly. 8. Watch out for “as explained below” and “as explained above.” These are signals that your work is not yet properly organized. What is a reader supposed to do when he/she encounters “as explained below” in a paper? Stop reading and go “below” to wherever you explain what needs to be explained? If something needs to be explained now, explain it now. Always remember: readers read from left APA-Style Hypothesis - Sonoma State University right; do not make the reader’s understanding of something depend Land Law LLP - Commercial Land & Property Solicitors something that you say later . 9. Read your work aloud. Writing, Lawrence Sterne wrote (in his novel Tristram Shandy ), is conversation. He was Mypaper Writer - buyworkonlineessay.org. If your paper, or outline, or memo, or letter, or brief, or. . does not make any sense to a listenerchances are rhetorical analysis essay i have a dream speech good that it won’t make any sense to a reader. At the very least, ask someone who knows nothing about your topic to read through what you have written; if your friend/spouse/partner/cousin can’t make heads or tails out of what you’ve written, chances are very good that I won’t be able to either. Best Custom Essay Writing Service https://essayservice.com?tap_s=5051-a24331